What You Need to Know About SharePoint Server 2016 Installation and Upgrade
This article lists some of the important things that you should consider for SharePoint installation and upgrade. The information in this article is based on SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview and is subject to change. When the final version of SharePoint Server 2016 becomes available I will update this article as necessary.
SharePoint Server 2016 is still in preview but Microsoft has provided the following system requirements.
|Scenario||Deployment type and scale||Processor||RAM||Hard disk|
|Database server running a single SQL instance||Development or evaluation installation with the minimum recommended services||64-bit, 4 cores||12-16 GB||80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive
|Database server running a single SQL instance||Pilot, user acceptance test running all available services||64-bit, 4 cores||16-24 GB||80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive and additional drives
|Web server or application server in a three-tier farm||Development or evaluation installation with the minimum number of services||64-bit, 4 cores||8-12 GB||80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive
|Web server or application server in a three-tier farm||Pilot, user acceptance test running all available services||64-bit, 4 cores||12-16 GB||80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive and additional drives
Operating System and .NET Framework Requirements
Microsoft supports the following two operating systems for SharePoint Server 2016 installation.
|Supported Operating Systems||Minimum Version of .NET Framework Required|
|Windows Server 2012 R2||4.5.2|
|Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview||4.6|
|NOTE: Starting January 13, 2016 Microsoft will only support .NET Framework 4.5.2 or higher|
SQL Server Requirements
Both SQL Server 2014 and 2016 are supported.
|Microsoft SQL Server||2014|
|Microsoft SQL Server||2016|
You can either use the prerequisite installer, or the manual method where you install individual components as necessary, to install and configure the prerequisites for SharePoint Server 2016. It’s a long list of requirements that you need to install. I recommend using the prerequisite installer (or PowerShell) to take care of all the prerequisites. It seems to take care of everything pretty flawlessly and it will save you time.
Standalone Installation On a Single Server
Unlike SharePoint Server 2013, the setup program in SharePoint Server 2016 does not have the option for a standalone installation on a single server. In SharePoint Server 2013 the standalone option installed SQL Server Express Edition. In SharePoint Server 2016, you can still install SharePoint on a standalone server. Here’s how. On the Specify Server Role screen that’s related to the new MinRole concept, there’s a Single-Server Farm option which is meant for installing SharePoint Server 2016 on a single machine, in a single-server farm scenario, like testing, development, training, demo, or very limited production use. What you need to do is install SQL Server first and then install SharePoint using the Single-Server Farm option. This is the perfect scenario for trainers and consultants like me who want to install Windows Server, SQL Server, Active Directory, DNS, SharePoint and Office all on one virtual machine for testing, development, training and demo purposes. In Single-Server Farm scenario, when you install SQL Server on a Domain Controller, the SQL Server installation will warn you that the server is a Domain Controller but you can ignore the warning and complete SQL Server installation. The Single-Server Farm option is highly discouraged for production servers. Note that you can’t install multiple roles on one server, unless you select the Custom MinRole which will allow you to essentially choose your server role similar to SharePoint Server 2013.
Upgrading from SharePoint 2010 or SharePoint 2013
- To upgrade from SharePoint Server 2010, first upgrade to SharePoint 2013 and then to SharePoint 2016.
- To upgrade SharePoint Server 2013 to SharePoint Server 2016, you need to make sure that you first upgrade the SharePoint Server 2013 Site Collections that are still using SharePoint 2010 mode to SharePoint 2013 mode.
- To upgrade from SharePoint Server 2013 to SharePoint Server 2016 you can either do an in-place upgrade, or use the database-attach method as follows.
- Create a SharePoint Server 2016 farm.
- Copy SharePoint Server 2013 content and service application databases.
- Attach the databases to SharePoint Server 2016 farm.
- If you are installing SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview, I strongly recommend not only reading this document on Microsoft’s Web site but keeping it handy during and after installation: Known Issues in SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview. Microsoft will update this document when new issues are discovered.
The new browser in Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 is called Microsoft Edge and is one of the fastest browser available today. You can try the new browser but just so you know there are several known issues with Microsoft Edge and SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview and if you run into any problems then just switch to Internet Explorer and you will be fine. Yes, Internet Explorer is still available in Windows Server 2016 along with Microsoft Edge. The list of known issues with Microsoft Edge is available from Microsoft in the document Known Issues in SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview.
The following features have been deprecated in SharePoint Server 2016. For most up to date information and more details check out the link at the end of this article.
- SharePoint Foundation – the free version of SharePoint available in previous versions.
- Standalone installation – use Single-Server Farm MinRole as described earlier in this article.
- The following Excel Services functionality has been deprecated:
– Trusted data providers.
– Trusted file locations.
– Trusted data connection libraries.
– Unattended service account.
– Excel Services Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
– Opening of Excel workbooks from SharePoint Central Administration site.
- The following Excel Services functionality requires Excel Online in Office Online Server Preview:
– Viewing and editing Excel workbooks in a browser (with or without the Data Model).
– Excel Web Access Web Part for SharePoint.
– ODC file support (no longer requires Data Connection Libraries).
- Tags and Notes
– You won’t be able to create new ones or access existing ones.
– A top-level administrator (e.g. SP_Admin account) can archive the existing Tags and Notes by using the cmdlet Export-SPTagsAndNotesData. It requires membership in local
Administrators group, securityadmin SQL role and dbowner role for all databases.
Example: Export-SPTagsAndNotesData -Site http://intranet.contoso.com -FilePath tagsandnotes.zip
- Stsadm command-line tool
– It’s still included to support compatibility with previous product versions but you should use PowerShell instead.
- ForeFront Identity Manager (FIM) Client
– FIM client is no longer used to synchronize between Active Directory and SharePoint.
– The default process is Active Directory Import.
– You can other 3rd party synchronization tools, or Microsoft Identity Manager 2016.
– Microsoft will be releasing tools to help you deploy and configure Microsoft Identity Manager 2016 to work with SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview for identity synchronization.
- SharePoint BI capabilities will be available by the end of 2015. The following features are missing until then.
– Power Pivot Gallery
– Scheduled Data Refresh
– Using another workbook’s Data Model as a data source
– Power View reports (standalone or embedded in Excel workbooks)
– Power View Subscriptions and Report Alerting
– Power Pivot Management Dashboard
– BISM Link support
- Bill Baer’s blog post
- Known Issues in SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview
- What’s deprecated or removed from SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview
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